Corpus Juris Civilis

(Corpus of Civil Law). The collective legislative work of Justinian I (q.v.). It consists of the Codex (Codex Justinianus), the Digest (Digestum, or Pandectae), the Institutes (Institutiones), and the Novels (qq.v.) (Novellae Consitutiones, meaning New Laws). The work was begun by a commission of 10 legal experts assembled in 528 and headed by the greatest legal mind of the day, Tribonian (q.v.). They worked with astonishing speed. In 529 they issued the Codex Justinianus, the collection of 4,562 imperial edicts from Hadrian to Justinian I that replaced the older Codex Gregorianus, Codex Hermogenianus, and Codex Theodosianus (qq.v.). It was subsequently revised, in the light of further work by Tribonian, and reissued in 534. The Digest, a compendium of legal opinions by famous Roman jurists, was issued in 533, as was the Institutes, a handbook to help guide law students through the Codex and Digest. The Novels, the final part of Justinian I's work, consist of those imperial edicts issued after 534, down to the end of Justinian's reign in 565. Unlike previous legal works that were written in Latin, the Novels were issued in Greek, the language of the East. The Corpus Juris Civilis not only preserved Roman law but provided the basis of law for emerging European nations. Its influence on western civilization is probably greater than any other book, except, of course, the Bible.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Corpus Juris Civilis — Corpus iuris civilis Le Code de Justinien, aussi connu sous son nom latin de corpus juris civilis est la plus grande compilation de droit romain antique. Ce code est issu de l ambition de Justinien Ier, empereur de l Empire romain d Orient. Celui …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Corpus Juris Civilis — n. (Latin) A collection of civil law. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008. Corpus Juris Civilis …   Law dictionary

  • Corpus Juris Civilis — [si vī′lis] n. [L, body of civil law] the body of civil, or Roman, law, compiled and issued during the reign of Justinian: it has been the basis of most European law …   English World dictionary

  • Corpus Juris Civilis — Justinian I depicted on a mosaic in the church of San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy The Corpus Juris (or Iuris) Civilis ( Body of Civil Law ) is the modern name[1] for a collection of fundamental works in jurisprudence, issued from …   Wikipedia

  • Corpus Juris Civilis — /kawr peuhs joor is si vuy lis, si vil is/ the collective title of the body of ancient Roman law as compiled and codified under the emperor Justinian in the 6th century A.D.: comprises the Digest, the Institutes, the Justinian Code, and the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • CORPUS JURIS CIVILIS — (CJС) обобщенное юридич. название трудов, появившихся в результате кодификации рим. права императорского периода, предпринятой визант. имп. Юстинианом I в 528 534 с целью укрепления существовавших имуществ. отношений, императорской власти и офиц …   Советская историческая энциклопедия

  • Corpus Juris Civilis — Das Corpus Iuris Civilis (CIC oder, zur besseren Unterscheidung vom kirchlichen Corpus Iuris Canonici, auch CICiv) umfasst das Gesetzeswerk, das von 528 bis 534 n. Chr. im Auftrag des oströmischen Kaisers Justinian I. aus älteren Kaisererlassen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Corpus juris civilis — обычное теперь название юстиниановой кодификации римского права (институции, дигесты, кодекс, новеллы). Не противореча рим. пониманию слов (выражение corpus juris встречается в кодексе), оно не применялось, однако, римлянами в этом смысле и… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • Corpus Juris Civilis — Cor|pus Ju|ris Ci|vi|lis [ tsi vi:lis] das; <lat. ;zu civilis »bürgerlich«> von dem oström. Kaiser Justinian im 6. Jh. n. Chr. veranlasste Sammlung der damals geltenden Rechtsvorschriften …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Corpus Juris Civilis — …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.